Diwali has been one of the biggest festival of India, it’s not just the festival of lights but a new year to a lot of people. With the spirit of integrity and prosperity, the festival is celebrated with pomp and enthusiasm. The essence of spirituality and festivity makes our country the most colorful diversity of the world.
Hearing the tales, Rama, the prehistoric idol of the epic ages, the personification of truth, ethics, the perfect son, the ideal husband, and above all, the idyllic king. After ten days of brutal war with Ravana, the triumphant Rama, his wife Sita and brother Laxman prepared to return back to Ayodhya. There were blissful shouts of Victory to Rama, Veer Hanuman ki Jai – Victory to Hanuman. Gods from the Heaven decanted flowers and wreaths to rejoice and display their pleasure.
The land of Ayodhya was zealous to welcome her heroes. The whole city was lit up and ornamented with blossoms and garlands. Every house revered attractive look of spotlessness and was lighted with candles, diyas and lamps. Fragrances and scent occupied the air. Every road was scrubbed and watered, and adorned with hand-painted flamboyant designs.
All of us are thorough with the basics of Diwali, ever wondered how individual parts of the most diverse country of the world celebrate it?
This article will take you places. Literally.
Diwali in North India memorializes the return of Lord Ram to Ayodhya after his refuge. The celebration inaugurates two days before the real D day with the Dhanteras. The day after Dhanteras is renowned as Chhoti Diwali. Typically, the actual Deepavali in Southern part of India takes place on this day. On the festival day, Lakshmi puja is held in every household in North India. The day after Diwali embarks Govardhan Puja. The next day is Bhai Dhooj, in which every sister prays for a long, safe and successful life of the brothers. The shops continue to be open till the afternoon, trusting that good sales on Diwali day envisage an affluent year onward. In the corporate segment, the course of purchasing and allotting Diwali gifts originates several days afore the big day, and gradually picks up stride. Sweets and dry fruits are the most common gifts, just like silver coins. But gifts also series from silver dishes and other domestic gifts.
Around every nook and corner can be found the temporary stages for holding the Ram Leela – a melodramatic rendition of the epic story of the Ramayan, which endures for several evenings, concluding in the conquest of Evil (Ravana) by the Good (Ram).
The festival includes, just like any other part of the country, from the diyas and mithai to chanting the aarti with the entire family and then reveling with firecrackers the grand moment that signifies the triumph of good above evil. People also pull out the electric lights to substitute for diyas and light up the house early.
Innumerable lambent oil lamps and lights are ignited in houses all over Assam, making it a night of fascination. Worship of Lakshmi, the goddess of treasure, and fireworks and merriments are an essential part of the fetes. Gorgeous lamps are hung outside homes that are figurative of the spiritual light dispersing evil and the darkness of inexperience. Doorways are ornamented with torans or flower coronets with mango leaves and marigolds. Rangolis are drawn with colored powders to welcome guests. Business launches and families achieve, chopda pujan or reverence of their business books. Everyone banquets and shops and starts original projects or ventures.
Like countless ancient civilizations, the approach of life in Bihar is huddled around its splendid rivers. Few rivers of the world have shaped the culture, budget and personality of the people evolving on their banks as has the holy river Ganges. In Bihar, the festivity of Diwali starts two days before the actual Diwali as dhanteras, celebrated in righteousness of Dhanvantari, the physician of the gods. He is supposed to have emerged with a pot of amrita through the samudra manthan. On Dhanteras, new kitchen utensils are bought and kept at the place of worship. The buying of utensils, bestowing to one theory, relates to the allegory of Dhanvantari emerging from the ocean with a pot. People bathe early in the morning and keep a fast, which is broken only once the sunset is done with sweets, homemade snacks and other delicacies.
The day just before Diwali is eminent as Chhoti Diwali, Diwali on a relatively smaller gage, with fewer lights lit and fewer crackers burst. Miniature footprints made out of rice paste are an extraordinary feature of the rangolis made for Diwali. They indicate the footprints of Lakshmi, as she crosses the threshold of the house. Songs in morality of the deities are sung and aarti is executed. Oil or ghee diyas are also ignited. The gods are offered kheel and khilone and various sweet meals. Once the puja is done, the diyas are positioned in and around the house: on the entrance, near the Tulasi plant, in the verandah, in every room and at the back and front gates. Crackers are burst, and people meet friends and neighbors to exchange good wishes and sweets. The adivasis of Bihar worship kali on this day. Intake of unripe coconut and taking a beetle is considered propitious.
- Jammu & Kashmir
First Day- Dhanatrayodashi
Second Day- Sukhsuptika
Diwali is as blissful and cheerful time in Jammu & Kashmir Province, as in rest of India. Throughout any festive season, the entire city of Jammu revitalizes up and there is lot of enthusiasm in the air. Observing or taking part in the Diwali festivities, can be a fascinating experience in this state. Diwali is eminently celebrated with customary fervor and ecstasy, in special style. The folks of this state celebrate this day with great carnival. People beautify their houses much in advance in preparation of this festival. Few stash new paint to their homes while others scrub the interiors thoroughly.
This is the occasion for buying new stuffs – a new house, a new car, gear, attires, utensils etc.
On the day of Deepavali people wake up early in the morning, don new clothes, worship, and buy lots of sweets and dry fruit for circulation among friends, folks and colleagues. They also purchase candles, earthen lamps, and electric accessories for enlightening their homes and business institutions. For youngsters it is a day of cheerful making. They relish by playing with crackers specifically at night time. Deepawali is one of the oldest rituals for Kashmiri Pundits. The celebration would commence from Ekadeshi and last till Amavasya.
- West Bengal
Lakshmi puja is fêted five days after Dussehra, on the full moon day (Purnima). On the subsequent new moon day (Amavasya), overlapping with Diwali, goddess Kali is adored. Kali ma, the more antagonistic form or the destructive personification of Goddess Durga, has a startling look. She rescinds all evils. Lamps are lit in her integrity, and in return, she assures a renewal of life and impartiality on earth. In West Bengal, it is not Lakshmi puja but Kali Puja which makes the festival exclusive. Kali is normally a goddess to be afraid of. But, Diwali is also distinguished with great passion and it is a time for joviality and devouring.
The houses are festooned and lit with diyas. The doorsteps are decorated with Aalpona (a white paste made of uncooked rice and water). The entire family collects around for Lakshmi puja in the evening. Diwali Festival springs over three days, but on Amavasya, the concluding day, the celebrations and lights are fewer. The first two festival days are significant, with feasting, sipping, gaming, family assemblies, lights and fire crackers lodging time from twilight to dawn. In the city of joy, the religious festive air and not the substantial goods, mainly symbols the time.
Rajasthan is one lively and musical land. Individuals in this sporadically populated state look for any excuse to accumulate together in festivity and take a break from their otherwise craggy, jagged lives. The extravagant rituals and the jauntiness with which they submit themselves to the frequent carnivals and fiestas of the region shows absolute keenness for life. Distinguished every year in October-November, Diwali is perhaps the most prevalent of all Rajasthan festivals. It is a fête of light, both literally and metaphorically.
Diwali festivals give people a chance to take time off from their daily monotonous to pleat together and enjoy the festivities. Distinct food, naturally, is very high on the schedule, keeping in attention the occasion. Women of the neighborhood gather and prepare sweets like Mawa Kachori, , Piste ke Launj, Moti Pak, Sohan Papdi, Barfi, Jalebi – to name just a few.
The striking Kartik Purnima festival or Dev Deepawali celebrated in Varanasi or Benaras, is a filmic pleasure. Varanasi offers parcel of fiestas. The full moon night after Diwali dwindling in November – December is the blessed day for all the folks. The ghats of Varanasi come flourishing with thousands of luminously lit earthen lamps. The lamps then are mildly left on the River. Tourists swarm in large numbers to watch this remarkable event at Har ki Paudi.
The festive season in the city of dreams begins right from Ganesh Chaturthi to Navaratri and gets bigger with the onset of Diwali. Streets and shops are lit with gorgeous lights and beautiful lanterns. This season sees fine artists from across the city colleges painting the tree barks and city walls with mosaic paints that convey good messages. Corporate houses visit NGOs and charitable trust to spend a day with the lovelorn by gifting them utilities and sweets. And the households—they just don’t rest.
Cleaning scrubbing and making every corner of the home spotless, buying new furnishings and gearing up for family dinners and gifting. Firecrackers ornament the city’s skyline, expensive yet so much liberating! Several families choose to buy the most awaited new home during Diwali. There are discounts and deals offered by every dealer rendering to fat sales. Like any other part of the country, Mumbai celebrates Diwali followed by Dhanteras, Kali puja, Lakshmi puja and Bhai dooj. People are joyous, there is love in the air and they celebrate like never before.
Tags: Ayodhya, Diwali, Diwali in Assam, Diwali in Bihar, Diwali in Delhi, Diwali in Jammu & Kashmir, Diwali in Mumbai, Diwali in Rajasthan, Diwali in Varanasi, Diwali in West Bengal, Festival of Lights, History of Diwali, Laxman, Ram, Sita